3RD CYCLE OF STUDIES, LEADING TO A DOCTORAL DEGREE IN CLINICAL AND HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH
The PhD program in clinical and health services research hereby was created with the intent of preparing healthcare and other professionals for the challenges imposed by evidence based practices, the rapid changes in healthcare systems and technologies, health technology assessments and comparative effectiveness evaluations, health systems deficiencies and inequalities and the urge to use and develop tools that could effectively support and improve healthcare and medical decision-making.
Clinical Research has the individual patient as its object and aims to answer research questions within the realm of clinical medicine, contributing to the knowledge-base and supporting healthcare and medical decision-making. Research questions addressed in this area are mainly associated with the diagnosis, prevention, treatment, prognosis, aetiology, impact and frequency of human disease.
Health Services Research is understood as the study of the production, quality, organization, distribution, efficacy, effectiveness and efficiency of health services and their impact in the health status and outcomes of the patients and the community. It addresses, for example, the organization of health systems, the quality of health services, patients and professionals satisfaction, the access to healthcare, the economic aspects of healthcare and the equity in the provision of healthcare and resources allocation. Health Technologies Assessment is one aspect of the overarching area of Health Services Research that has healthcare technologies as their main study objects. Its main objective is to address questions regarding the properties of these technologies, particularly their safety, efficacy, effectiveness, efficiency, applicability, indications, costs, cost-effectiveness and the social, ethical and economic consequences of their utilization.